Business and economy news for kids of all ages primary, middle, and high school.

“Today Shapes Tomorrow

Published Every Monday Since 2007   | Volume 651|
May 13, 2019

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" need money to buy things; you earn money by working; you may have to wait to buy things you want; and there is a difference between things you want and things that you need..."
Time Magazine, Nov 30, 2015
Article - Your kid's financial education should start much earlier than you think - By Dan Kedlec
 Little Laughs!
How do oceans say hello? They wave at each other!
Can kangaroo jump higher than a house? Of course, a house does not jump at all!
My dog used to chase people o10n a got so bad that I had to take it away!!
Knock...Know...who is there? FedEx...FedEx who?
FedEx will be there tomorrow!
What is the worst kind of cat? 
CAT-astro-phe !

What do you get when you cross snowman with vampire
What kind of Bill can you breath?
Why did Dino go to the hospital?

Because he was (Dino) "Saur".
How do you make eleven even?

Take away the "el."


How do you make seven even?

Take away the "s"


Why did the chicken cross the railroad track?

Because it wanted to get to the Chick train.


What is a duck on the 4th of July?

A Fire-Quacker!!


Knock, Knock...Who is there?Banana...Banana who?  Banana...Banana who?Banana...Banana who? OR-ange...Aren't you glad I didn't say banana?


Are you 5?

No! I am not 5!  I am 4.95 plus shipping and handling!


Knock knock...Who is there?  Panther!Panther, who?   PantH-or-no-PantH I am going Thwiming!


Laughs above are credited to kids and various sources.

Business fun facts!


Do you know the ancestry of American people? It is a melting pot of immigrants from all over the world. This trend continues even today. These immigrants make America what it is today and are an big part in the success of businesses today.

There are over 320 million Americans today. Ancestry of Americans include: Germans over 14%, African American 12%, Irish 12%, English 8%, Mexican 8%, Italian 6%, Hispanic 5%, French 4%, Polish Scottish, Dutch, Norwegian, Scotch-Irish, Native American, and Swedish are between 1-3% but add up to 11%. The rest are from other various countries.

In 2008, $3.3 Trillion was the total loss in value for the US housing market. In early 2006 housing market value was close to $9.4 almost 1/3rd of housing market value was lost due to housing, credit, and financial crisis!

Since 2008, close to 12 million jobs have been added to the job market! This has allowed many Americans to get back on track and recover from the recession. Unemployment rate is now below 5% from almost 10% in 2009 when financial markets caused the recession!
US-China on my mind! The DOW down 218 points!

The DOW closed down 218 points or -0.83%, the S&P500 was down 27 points or -0.95%, and NASDAQ was down 65 points or -0.81% for the week ending May 10th.  The feds kept the rates the same but the US-China trade deal (or not) spooked the investors.  The oil was down -$0.15 or -0.24% to $61.71 per barrel. 

Investors were hoping that US-China will arrive at some amicable solution.  US, Chinese, and global economies are feeling the pain of US-China trade issues and associated uncertain outcome of these ongoing discussions between the two major economies. 

What is Tariff?  What does it mean? Click here for Volume 575.

This week US raised tariffs on $200B worth of Chinese goods from previous 10% to 25% as trade talks did not get concluded.  US further threatened to raise tariffs on additional Chinese goods while China announced it will retaliate. 

The Chinese Gross Domestic Product (GDP) forecast is to slow down from 6.5% to ~6.0%. 



China needs at least above 7% Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate to keep up with its ambitious economic reforms and employment.  Most of the Chinese population lives outside of large and famous Chinese cities.  These people are "migrants" who come to work at the large cities based on the Chinese government controlled labor permits.  The labor unrest is one of the major risks if Chinese economy continues to slow down. The  Chinese government realizes it as a national risk and it is encouraging its banks to lend more to stimulate slowing economy to keep up with the required economic growth and employment.

Year-To-Date (YTD) the DOW is up +11.2%, S&P500 is up +14.9% and NASDAQ is up +19.3%.

In 2018 the DOW was down -6.7%,  S&P500 down -7.0% and NASDAQ down -4.6%.  In 2017 the DOW was up 25.1%, S&P500 up 19.4% and NASDAQ up 28.2%

As expected the Feds leaves the interest rates unchanged

The Fed Chair of the Federal Reserve, Mr. Jerome Powell, and his team left the Fed funds rate (loan rate between the banks) and Discount rate (rate for Feds to Banks loan) unchanged.  These are the key interest rates.   

The Feds felt that the key economic indicators, such as, inflation, unemployment rate, and US economy all were is a good shape, however, the Federal Reserve is watching the key economic developments to assess if any change in the policy is warranted later in 2019.  Fed now predicts that 2019 US GDP to be slightly lower from earlier forecast to now at 2.9%.

What is Fed Funds rate and Discount rate? Click here for Volume 22

What does the interest rate cut or raise mean for you? What is APR? Click to read Volume 23

Fed Funds Rate (overnight lending between banks from reserves)                                                      

Fed Funds rate range is at 2.25-2.50%


Discount Rate (Feds charge member banks to borrow for reserves)


Discount rate is 3.0%


Thank you for your feedback and comments! Now we are on to our 12th Year!!

Tip!: Try moving your mouse over active definitions, such as, on the right side DOW, S&P500, NASDAQ, which will open up a pop up with details so you can learn more!  
Learn more about...



How Business and Government raise cash? Stocks, Bonds?

Click here for Volume 623.

What is Tariff?  What does it mean?

Click here for Volume 575.


Emigration in America -

1% are Native Americans but 99% came from rest of the world or brought over

Click here for Volume 575.

What was your stock pick performance in 2018...since 2007? (Volume 634)

What is Full Employment?  Is it a good or bad thing? Click here for Volume 529.


During which President economy and jobs were better than others? How did Obama perform? Click here for Volume 529.


How do the Economy(GDP), Tax(Government tax & spending), and Budget Deficits turn into $17T in Debt? Simplified Explanation Volume 470.


What is the US debt ceiling, which president helped to create this debt, and to who do we owe this money? Volume 360.

What was your stock pick performance in 2016 and the last 10 years from 2007-2016? (Volume 530)

What is inflation? Volume 11.

What is Credit History? Why is it important to have a good credit history? Volume 12.



What is Economy, Business, Workers, Goods, Services, Stock, DOW, S&P500, and NASDAQ in Volume 16
Does it pay to study hard? Volume 17.

What is Currency and Foreign Currency Exchange rate? Volume 14. What is stronger or weaker currency? Volume 20. What does the dollar slide mean? Volume 32.


How does money grow in a bank? Volume 21.


What is Fed Funds rate and Discount rate? Volume 22


What does the interest rate cut mean for you? What is APR? Volume 23


How to read stock information? Volume 25.


What is the "Black Monday"...Crash of 87"? Volume 31.


Compare the Great Depression and the 2008 Recession

Source-CNN, Federal Reserve, Commerce Department, and estimates

Compare the Great Depression to the 2008 Recession? Volume 114.
What is a Recession? What is a Depression? Volume 48.
What are the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Producer Price Index (PPI)? Volume 48

Why is consumer confidence so important? Volume 64.


What are expansions and contractions in Service and Manufacturing? Volume 389

Who are the CEO, CFO, Shareholders, and the Board of Directors? What is SOX? Volume 33


What does "$4.95 + Tax" mean? Volume 47


What is Mergers & Acquisition (M&A)? What is a Merger? Volume 49.


ADR (American Depository Receipts)

What is ADR? Volume 62.


What does buying back shares mean? Volume 63.


A fun way to start a Lemonade Stand and Learn about Business too! Volume 142.


What is Supply and Demand? Volume 177.


What is Q.E. - Quantitative Easing? Volume 343.

Who is working and who is not? Volume 354.


Do you remember September 2008 (after 5-Yrs)? What is the status of government loans (TARP)? Volume 355.

Which country is in heavy debt...see the debt as a % of GDP by country? Volume 358.


What is "Taper" or what does "Fed Tapering of Q.E." mean? Volume 369.


Who is the new Federal Reserve Chair? Volume 585.


Who was the 1st woman Federal Reserve Chair? Volume 382.

We use multiple information resources, such as, news websites, company websites, stock exchanges, newspapers, text books, and other educational resources.

Source:, Microsoft Clipart, etc.

So far YTD...
ulls (Markets UP) = 14...
Bears (DOWN) = 4...and
raw = 1

May 6-10, 2019

Weekly Stock Market

Markets Up or Down?

Random Walk of stocks?

Buy Low? or Sell High?

Index (YTD%)



DOW (11.2%)









Foreign Exchange Rate

$1 is equal to




Euro (€)

European Union



Yen (¥)


+1.22 109.89

Pound (£)

United Kingdom

-0.01 0.77

Yuan ()




Rupee (Rs.)




Your Favorite Stocks

Portfolio is  +18.8%  vs. 

S&P500 +14.9%


Bought one stock in Jan-19

This week stock is?

Your gain or loss?


$134.0 +$26.7


$58.6 +$1.4


$200.0 +$24.4
$156.2 $197.2 +$41.0

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